Home > Mauritania > political system

Flag of Mauritania:
The flag of Mauritania is a green field containing a gold star and crescent, with a red stripe at the top and bottom of the field. The Mauritanian flag of Mauritania was adopted in a constitutional referendum held on 5 August 2017.
The colors of the national flag symbolize the sacrifices of the martyrs and the Mujahideen against the French occupation and highlight the Mauritanians’ willingness to protect their homeland and defend its national unity and territorial integrity.

Motto of the Republic is Honor/Fraternity/Justice

Principles and freedoms enshrined in the Mauritanian Constitution

Mauritanian constitution guarantees for all Mauritanians:

The right to equality
Human fundamental freedoms and rights
Political and trade union freedoms
Economic and social rights
Rights related to the family as a basic cell of the Islamic society

Conscious of the need for closer ties with the brotherly peoples, the Mauritanian people, as Muslim, Arab and African people, declares their determination to strive for the unity of the Maghreb, the Arab nation and Africa and for peace in the world.

The constitution enshrines the following fundamental freedoms:

Freedom of movement and residence in all parts of the soil of the Republic
Free access to the national territory and the freedom to get out of it
Freedom of opinion and freedom of thought
Freedom of expression
Freedom of assembly
Freedom of association and freedom to belong to any political or trade union organization of their choice
Freedom of trade and industry
Freedom of intellectual, artistic and scientific creativity

Political system: Republican presidential based on the principle of separation of executive, legislative and judicial powers.

The President of the Republic shall be elected by direct universal suffrage for only two terms of 5 years each.

Constitutional institutions:

The National Assembly
The Constitutional Council
The Accounts Court
The Economic and Social Council
The National Commission for Human Rights
The High Court of Justice

National Holidays:

– The National Independence Day: On 28 November of each year.

– Eid al-Fitr: On the first of the month of Shawwal of the Islamic calendar.

– Eid al-Adha: On the tenth of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah.

– Prophet’s Birthday holiday: On the twelfth of Rabi’e al-Awal.

– New Hijri Year’s day.

– New Year’s Day

– The Labor Day: on the first of May.

– Africa Day: On 25 May.