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Mauritania enjoys a pluralistic experience that has enabled it to achieve many gains in the field of public freedoms and human rights. In addition to its democratic experience, which enabled the consolidation of multi-partyism, Mauritania has made great strides that enabled it to take the lead in the field of freedoms at the Arab level and ranks seventy-second atthe international level, according to the latest classification of press freedom in the world by Reporters Without Borders.
Thispositionwas obtained thanks to the enactment of a package of legislation aimed at promoting freedoms and expanding participation in the development effort.
These freedoms knew such a level only ten years ago despite the democratic process initiated by Mauritania with the 1991 Constitution and supported by Law No. 023-91 on freedom of the press.
Such an atmosphere encouraged the emergence of several newspapers, in spite of some obstacles facing the freedom of publication.
This law was amended by Ordinance No. 2006-034 on 20 October 2006 regulating the Press and Broadcasting High Authority and Law No. 2010-045 on 26 July 2010 on the liberalization of the audiovisual space, which enhanced the freedom of publication and doubled the issues with the establishment of private radio and television stations. In the past few years, Mauritania’s major political transformations over the past few years have played a decisive role in promoting this process by enacting a press law that bars journalists from being imprisoned in publishing cases.
At the same time, the Government has focused on training and qualifying journalists and responding to their demands regarding the new information society law. It expressed its readiness to withdraw the articles that professionals believe they threaten the freedom of the press in the new law.
There is no doubt that these efforts made by the Mauritanian legislator and for which the State has paved the way to encourage the freedom of expression and publication and facilitate the licensing for those who did not meet the conditions for the publication of a newspaper or the establishment of a website or possession of a television or radio station, have enabled Mauritania to top the Arab level and rank 72 at the global level in the field of freedoms for the seventh time in a row in 2018.
It has won the respect of organizations defending freedom and human rights, which uses it as a model in the field of human rights and freedom of expression, prompting the Chairperson of the Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights in Africa to praise Mauritania’s achievements in this area.
He also congratulated the Arab Information Ministers at their regular session (49) held on 9 May 2018 at the headquarters of the General Secretariat of the Arab League in Cairo under the chairmanship of the Algerian Republic
Mauritania, "the leadership, government and people to take first place in the arrangement of freedom of the press and media in the Arab world for the seventh consecutive year."
Whatever is said, Mauritania’s great gains in the field of freedoms can not be denied. The achievements of many countries have not been preceded by this, and this is confirmed by the objective data. Today there are hundreds of active websites and dozens of paper newspapers. Societies and cooperatives working in the social and development fields.